Often called the eighth natural wonder of the world, the Ngorongoro Crater is the largest intact crater on the planet. About two million years ago, the Ngorongoro volcano erupted and its walls collapsed. The volcano floor sank to create a natural enclosure surrounded by 600m high walls.
Now, at over 19 kilometers wide, this natural amphitheater is full of acacia forest, hippo-filled swamps and wide open grasslands.
These different habitats contain over 30,000 animals – including elephants, warthogs, flamingos, magnificent birds, the rare black rhinoceros and all the predatory cats.
Ngorongoro Crater sits inside the Ngorongoro Conservation Area which covers more than 8,000 sq km. It is called a 'Conservation Area' and not a 'National Park' because animals and people live together here (people are not allowed to live in National Parks). The Maasai live around the Ngorongoro Crater and can often be seen grazing their cattle alongside the buffalo and wildebeest.